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Scientists have estimated that there are roughly 390 900 different types of plant species in the world, but that number changes constantly with new discoveries being made yearly. Of those, there are around 670 carnivorous plants around – although we’ve caused many to go extinct. Also called Meat- Eaters, some of these plants drown their prey, some digest them and others use chemicals to kill them… today we look at a few of these fascinating specimens. Subscribe to Talltanic http://goo.gl/wgfvrr 7 - Going Green This is a fairly new discovery, found in the Philippines in 2007. It’s the Nepenthes Attenborough, nicknamed the rat-eating pitcher plant. Like our Rajah mentioned earlier, this one also devours rats. It’s thought this could be the largest of our meat-eating plants, and although there were rumors about its existence, they remained just that until a team discovered them. The plant has been named after Sir David Attenborough. You might recognize that name. He’s the narrator from Frozen Planet and Planet Earth. The plant doesn’t just eat rats, but all sorts of insects that find themselves trapped inside, and they use acid-like enzymes to dissolve its prey. 6 - Off Duty Our next carnivorous plant takes a break when the winter hits, and assumes the role of a succulent. However, when it’s summer its anything goes! They are Pinguiculas, also known as butterworts. They’re mostly found in South and central America, but you can also see them in parts of Asia, Europe and North America. When they flower they have the most vivid blooms, and the leaves have specialized glands which release a dewy, sticky substance which catches the insects. It looks a lot like water, so insects believe they’re going for an innocent drink, and that’s when things go wrong! Enzymes break the prey down, absorbing everything barring the exoskeleton. 5 - Praise the Sun Here’s another unique pitcher plant called a Heliamphora, but more commonly referred to as Sun pitcher plants. As is the trend, the plant has water in the bottom of the pitcher, so when an insect falls in, it drowns. The plant digests the insect with bacteria, and their main source of food is ants. This plant is slightly more unusual than our others, as it has the ability to trap flying insects as well. 4 - What a way to go When a plant gets the name rainbow plant, you think only good thoughts – but this rainbow plant is also called a Byblis, and it eats insects. The thin stringy leaves of this plant are covered with glandular hairs, which are literally just little death traps. The hairs secret a sticky substance which attracts flying insects, they get stuck and they slowly starve to death. 3 - This is no darling This plant looks exactly like a snake, so no surprises it’s been nicknamed the Cobra Lilly. It’s the Darlingtonia Californica or California pitcher, and they’re common in Northern California and Oregon. Unlike our other pitcher plants, this doesn’t use a pitfall trap, but makes use of what is called a lobster trap. The plant is bulbous, features a hollow cavity and an opening underneath the top bulbous section with 2 reddish leaves jutting out. When the insect is inside it gets disorientated by the plants speckles that shine through from the sun. Lots of fine hairs allow the insect to crawl downwards, but block them from heading out the plant. 2 - Bad Day for Mother Nature These are Utricularia, which is a bad enough name as it is – but they’ve also garnered the nickname Bladderworts. Like our Waterwheel plant from earlier, you also find these plants in water, although, they like wet soil too. They’re found globally, except for Antarctica, and use a bladder-like trap to catch their prey. This trapping method is considered one of the most sophisticated structures in the plant kingdom. There are sensitive hairs connected to a trapdoor, and the moment the plant feels something is there, it opens up super-fast and sucks it in. They eat protozoa, mosquitos, water fleas, larvae and fish fry. 1 - For the birds This unique pitcher plant is known as the Parrot Pitcher plant, and they’re found submerged in bogs and sandbanks in North America. They are very similar to the California Pitcher, and on the rim of the plants, nectar is secreted to attract the insects. Once the insect is there, they realize there is more nectar inside the plant, so off they go. The hair lining the inside of the plant is all facing downwards, making it easy to get inside, but impossible to get back out. These pitchers are often submerged, thanks to their environment, and have been known to “eat” small frogs, tadpoles and other small fish.,サイトの説明

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